Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Long ruled by the Ottoman Empire, its mixed population of Muslims, Christians and Jews lived in relative harmony for many centuries. Under Austro-Hungarian rule from the late nineteenth century, it became a hotbed of anti-Austrian sentiment. In 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in the city by a Serb nationalist, providing the catalyst for World War I. Sarajevo gained world recognition again in the 1990s when it suffered extensive damage in the bloody war with Yugoslavia.
There is evidence of Illyrian habitation in the region around Sarajevo. Afterwards Romans and then Goths settled in the area, and Slavs arrived in the seventh century. Sarajevo’s importance increased as Bosnia established its independence over the ensuing centuries, and its expansion gathered new momentum when the region fell under the rule of the Ottomans in the fifteenth century. Settlements on opposing banks of the Miljacka River...