San Marino, San Marino

Reference work entry


Capital and country have the same name. The city, encircled by triple walls, is on the west side of Mount Titano. Roads and railways connect the city to other parts of Italy and the Adriatic coast. The landscape is agricultural.


According to tradition, the region was first inhabited in the fourth century by St Marinus and a group of Christians trying to escape prosecution. The country became independent in the twelfth century with San Marino as capital, and managed to remain independent thanks to its isolation and its mountain fortresses. In the nineteenth century, San Marino was a refuge for the revolutionary and promoter of Italian unification, Giuseppe Garibaldi.

Modern City

Tourism is the backbone of San Marino’s economy. Around 3 m. tourists visit San Marino each year, although the capital has less than 5000 inhabitants. Many of the city’s visitors are day-trippers from Italy. The economy is dependent on domestic enterprises owing to lack of mineral resources....

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