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Brown, Gordon (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

Reference work entry

Introduction

Gordon Brown became prime minister in June 2007, fulfilling the long-held expectation that he would succeed Tony Blair, his co-architect of New Labour in the 1990s. Before taking over the premiership, Brown was for 10 years chancellor of the exchequer, the longest serving holder of that office since the 1832 Reform Act. His tenure at the treasury coincided with a long period of economic growth but his premiership was progressively been overshadowed by the global banking and financial crisis that escalated from the autumn of 2008. With poor opinion poll ratings in the lead-up to the general election on 6 May 2010, Labour lost 91 seats and Brown failed to secure a fourth term in office. Subsequently he resigned as both prime minister and leader of the Labour party.

Early Life

James Gordon Brown was born on 20 Feb. 1951 in Glasgow, Scotland. His father was a Church of Scotland minister. Brown attended Kirkcaldy High School until, at 16, he went to Edinburgh University where...

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