Niamey, Niger

Reference work entry


Niamey, a river port on the river Niger in the southwest of the country, is capital of Niger and the Tillabéry department.


Originally inhabited by Maouri, Zerma and Fulani people, Niamey was a small village when the French occupied it in the late nineteenth century. In 1926 it was designated capital of the French colony of Niger and underwent a period of rapid expansion after World War II. In 1960 it became capital of independent Niger.

Modern City

A busy river port, Niamey lies at the junction of Niger’s two main motorway’s and has an international airport. The Kennedy Bridge links the two river banks, with the left bank being the more highly developed. Service industries provide most employment. Other industries include food and drink processing, building materials and pottery. NIamey is also a trading centre for locally farmed produce (especially nuts). There is a university.

Places of Interest

Leading attractions include the national museum, the Grande Mosqueé and the Grand Marché (redeveloped since burning down in the 1980s).

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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