Lusaka is located in the south-central part of Zambia on a limestone plateau over 1,200 m. above sea level.
Lusaka’s origins lie in the acquisition of the area just west of the present city by the British South Africa Company at the end of the nineteenth century. By 1924 the region had been taken over by the British Colonial Office. At this stage it was a sleepy agricultural centre, and although in the early 1930s it became the capital of what was then called Northern Rhodesia, it was not until the 1960s that it began to expand in population and size. It is now one of the fastest growing cities in central Africa.
The city was instrumental in securing Zambia’s independence. It was here in 1948 that the Federation of African Societies established the Northern Rhodesian Congress. After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Lusaka became a focal point for the anti-colonial activism and civil disobedience that culminated in an independent nation.