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Los Angeles, United States of America

Reference work entry

Introduction

Los Angeles is the largest urban area and the second most populous city in the United States. Located in southwestern California, the city’s western fringe is on the Pacific Ocean and to the east are the San Gabriel Mountains. The city covers an area of 503 miles2 (1,302 km2), while the Los Angeles-Long Beach metropolitan area covers 4,850 miles2 (12,562 km2). The seat of Los Angeles County, the city is popularly known as LA and is the centre of the US film and television industries as well as an important commercial, industrial and financial centre.

History

In 1781 a Spanish settlement called El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles (the Town of the Queen of the Angels) was built on the site of LA. The area had previously been inhabited by around 200 Native Americans who had resettled after the Spanish established the nearby Mission San Garbil in 1771. The settlement came under Mexican control in 1821 and became a centre for cattle trading. Americans settled in the area...

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