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Leeds, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Reference work entry

Introduction

Leeds is the UK’s third largest metropolitan district and the leading city of West Yorkshire, in the north of England.

History

Leeds began life as an Anglo Saxon settlement on the northern bank of the River Aire. In the eighth century Leeds was mentioned by the Venerable Bede in his Ecclesiastical History, under the name Loidis (the likely origin of the name for residents of Leeds, Loiners). It was again mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086, though now as Ledes.

The town grew as a local market and became a centre for cloth finishing for the West Yorkshire area. In 1207 a new town was founded by Maurice Paynel, the Lord of the Manor. By the sixteenth century Leeds had become one of the largest wool-manufacturing towns in England.

By the time of the Industrial Revolution Leeds was in a prime situation to take advantage of the improvements made in transportation, engineering and manufacturing. In 1699 the Aire and Calder Rivers were made navigable, linking Leeds with the...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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