Advertisement

Houston, United States of America

Reference work entry

Introduction

The largest city in Texas and the fourth biggest urban area in the United States, Houston is located in southeastern Texas and is the seat of Harris County. An important port, the city is linked by the Houston Ship Channel to the Intracoastal Waterway at Galveston and to the Gulf of Mexico. The command centre of the North American Space Agency (NASA) is located near Houston, which has led to it being nicknamed the ‘space city’.

History

Houston was founded by brothers Augustus C. and John K. Allen in 1837 and named in honour of General Sam Houston, a hero in Texas’ war of independence against Mexico. The brothers, who emigrated from New York, bought the plot of land on which the city was built after the original settlement in the area, Harrisburg, had been destroyed by the Mexicans. The Allens envisaged the new settlement becoming a ‘great commercial emporium’ and the capital of the Republic of Texas. However the Texan government was based in the town for just 2 years...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations