Hanover (Hannover), Germany

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Hanover is the capital of Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany. It is now most famous for hosting trade fairs and is known as the ‘Exhibition City’,


Hanover was founded in the 1100s on the south bank of the River Leine. In the Middle Ages it served as a gateway to the Rhine, Ruhr and Sarr river valleys. Churches and a city wall were built during the fourteenth century and the town acquired royal connections when the Duke of Calenberg moved his residence to Hanover in 1636.

In 1714 the kings of Hanover also became the kings of Britain and the two nations shared monarchs until the death of William IV in 1837. Following the Napoleonic Wars, the city became the capital of the kingdom of Hanover but was annexed by Prussia in 1866. The introduction of free trade promoted economic growth and by the twentieth century the population had grown to over 300,000.

During the Second World War the city was a target for strategic bombing and most of its historic centre was...

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