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Edinburgh (Dùn Èideaan), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Reference work entry

Introduction

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and seat of the new Scottish Parliament. It is situated to the south of the Firth of Forth and about 65 km northwest of the Scottish/English border at the River Tweed. Edinburgh is built on several hills and has two distinct sections: the medieval Old Town and the elegant Georgian New Town. Overlooking the city is Edinburgh Castle.

History

There is evidence to suggest that the area around Castle Rock (now the site of Edinburgh Castle) was inhabited by Celtic tribes as far back as 1500 BC. Many Iron Age hill forts were built during this period. The Roman invasion of Britain moved as far north as the Firth of Forth and it was there at the northernmost extremities of Roman occupation that the Antonine Wall was built to defend the empire from northern Barbarians. The Romans had a mutually respectful relationship with the Celtic Votadini tribe who had their capital at Traprain Law. By 500 AD the Votadini capital had moved north to the...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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