Dublin is the capital city of the Republic of Ireland and lies on the east coat, straddling the River Liffey. Its recorded history dates back to Viking times but for most of its existence it has fallen under British jurisdiction. A focus for the nationalist cause throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, it became capital of an independent Ireland in 1921. Since Ireland joined the European Community (EC) in 1973 Dublin’s economy has grown and it is now a popular tourist destination, renowned for the vibrancy of its youthful population.
Celtic tribes inhabited the region for several centuries before Vikings made incursions in 795 AD. They established a settlement on the site of Dublin in 841, but the city’s official foundation is put at 989 when Dubh Linn (Dark Pool) and Baile Átha Cliath (Town of the Hurdle Ford) merged. The Battle of Clontarf in 1014 signalled the end of Viking domination in the area, after which a series of Irish chiefs governed.
In 1169 Dublin was...