Dodoma, Tanzania

Reference work entry


Dodoma replaced Dar es Salaam as Tanzania’s capital in 1974. It is located in the centre of the country.


Dodoma was originally a small settlement belonging to the Gogo tribe. As it was on a caravan route linking Lake Tanganyika and central Africa with the Indian Ocean, it soon developed as a trading centre. It was established as a city in 1907 by the Germans who laid the first rail connections. Between the First World War and 1961 when Tanzania gained independence, Dodoma was administered by the British, under whom it continued as an administrative centre.

In 1974 the Tanzanian government declared its intention to move the capital from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma. Although most government ministries and legislative buildings were soon moved, the government ran out of funds and was unable to complete the task.

Modern City

Dodoma is an important trade centre for peanuts, coffee, tobacco and sorghum. Other products include furniture, timber, processed food and soap. Nonetheless, it is now more important as a transportation and administrative centre than as a trade centre.

Dodoma has road, rail and air connections with Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Tanga.

Places of Interest

Dodoma is the only wine-producing region in the country.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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