Dijon, France

Reference work entry


The principal city of Burgundy, Dijon is on the confluence of the Ouche and Suzon rivers in Eastern France. Once the seat of the powerful Dukes of Burgundy, the surrounding region is renowned for its fine wines.


In Celtic times Dijon was strategically placed on the trade route for tin. The area was conquered by Julius Caesar around 50 BC. By the end of the 5th century AD, a Germanic tribe, the Burgundii, settled and added the territory to their kingdom. Between the 5th–9th centuries, Dijon was the seat of the Bishops of Langres.

Dijon was fought over during the Carolingian wars. In the 10th century, a second kingdom was created and in 1015 Dijon was established as the capital by Robert I, Duke of Burgundy. Dijon prospered as an important market town, known for its wool, and vineyards surrounded the city. Medieval Dijon linked trade between the Mediterranean and Northern Europe. The Medieval trade in Eastern spices resulted in two Dijonnaisspecialities––mustard...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations