Skip to main content

Possibilities for Learning Between Childhoods and Youth in the Minority and Majority Worlds: Youth Transitions as an Example of Cross-World Dialogue

Abstract

This chapter argues that more effective dialogue between the Majority and Minority Worlds could enhance our understanding of childhoods across the globe. While recognizing the limitations and challenges of cross-world dialogue, it compares and contrasts youth transitions across Majority and Minority Worlds, drawing on empirical research from Bolivia, China, India, and Vietnam. The similarities of global youth transitions include the increased emphasis on education but the subsequent lack of employment opportunities and the fragmented transitions which young people face in a context of uncertainty. The key differences are that in the Majority World students struggle to complete secondary education rather than further education and tend to experience greater levels of mobility and migration. Cross-world dialogue points to the concept of negotiated and constrained interdependencies as a way of understanding youth transitions in Majority and Minority World contexts.

Keywords

  • Young People
  • Child Migrant
  • Youth Unemployment
  • Child Soldier
  • Majority World

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-4451-15-4_28
  • Chapter length: 13 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   599.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-981-4451-15-4
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   749.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  • Aitken, S. (2001). Global crises of childhood: Rights, justice and the unchildlike child. Area, 33(2), 119–127.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Aitken, S., Lund, R., & Kjøholt, A. (Eds.). (2008). Global childhoods: Globalization, development and young people. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ansell, N. (2004). Secondary schooling and rural youth transitions in Lesotho and Zimbabwe. Youth & Society, 36, 183–202.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Benwell, M. (2009). Challenging minority world privilege: Children’s outdoor mobilities in post-apartheid South Africa. Mobilities, 4(1), 77–101.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Blossfeld, H., Klijzing, E., Mills, M., & Kurz, K. (Eds.). (2005). Globalization, uncertainty and youth in society. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bynner, J. (2005). Rethinking the youth phase of the life-course: The case for emerging adulthood? Journal of Youth Studies, 8(4), 367–384.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chant, S., & Jones, G. A. (2005). Youth gender and livelihoods in West Africa: Perspectives from Ghana’ and the Gambia. Children’s Geographies, 3(2), 185–199.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chawla, L. (Ed.). (2002). Growing up in an urbanising world. London: Earthscan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Elder, G. (1998). The lifecourse and human development. In R. Lerner (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology. New York: W.W.Norton.

    Google Scholar 

  • Farrugia, D. (2013). Towards a spatialised youth sociology: The rural and the urban in times of change. Journal of Youth Studies. doi:10.1080/13676271.2013.830700.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fengbo, C., & Punch, S. (2014). Moving from boats to housing on land: Intergenerational transformations of fisher households in southern China. In R. Vanderbeck & N. Worth (Eds.), Intergenerational space. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self-identity: Self and society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen, K. T. (2005). Getting stuck in the compound: Some odds against social adulthood in Lusaka, Zambia. Africa Today, 51(4), 3–16.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hartas, D. (2008). The right to childhoods: Critical perspectives on rights, difference and knowledge in a transient world. London: Continuum.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hashim, I., & Thorsen, D. (2011). Child migration in Africa. London: Zed Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hecht, T. (1998). At home in the street: Street children of northeast Brazil. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Holt, L., & Holloway, S. (2006). Theorising other childhoods in a globalised world. Children’s Geographies, 4, 135–142.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • James, A. (2010). Competition or integration? The next step in childhood studies? Childhood, 17(4), 485–499.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jeffrey, C. (2010). Geographies of children and youth 1: Eroding maps of life. Progress in Human Geography, 34(4), 496–505.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jeffrey, C., & Dyson, J. (2008). Telling young lives: Portraits of global youth. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jeffrey, C., Jeffery, P., & Jeffery, R. (2008). Degrees without freedom? Education masculinities and unemployment in north India. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Johnson-Hanks, J. (2002). On the limits of life stages in ethnography: Toward a theory of vital conjunctures. American Anthropologist, 104, 865–880.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jones, G., & Chant, S. (2009). Globalising initiatives for gender equality and poverty reduction: Exploring ‘failure’ with reference to education and work among urban youth in the Gambia and Ghana. Geoforum, 40(2), 184–196.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kabeer, N. (2000). Inter-generational contracts demographic transitions and the quantity–quality’ tradeoff: Parents children and investing in the future. Journal of International Development, 12, 463–482.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Katz, C. (2004). Growing up global: Economic restructuring and Children’s everyday lives. Minnesota: University of Minnesota.

    Google Scholar 

  • Langevang, T. (2008). ‘We are managing!’: Uncertain paths to respectable adulthoods in Accra, Ghana. Geoforum, 39(6), 2039–2047.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lund, R. (2008). At the interface of development studies and child research: Rethinking the participating child. In S. Aitken, R. Lund, & A. Kjøholt (Eds.), Global childhoods: Globalization, development and young people. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • MacDonald, R., & Marsh, J. (2005). Disconnected youth? Growing up in Britain’s poor neighbourhoods. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • McIlwaine, C., & Datta, K. (2004). Endangered youth? Youth, gender and sexualities in urban Botswana. Gender, Place and Culture, 11(4), 483–512.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mills, M., & Blossfeld, H. (2005). Globalization, uncertainty and the early life course. A theoretical Framework’. In H. Blossfeld, E. Klijzing, M. Mills, & K. Kurz (Eds.), Globalization, uncertainty and youth in society (pp. 1–24). London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Montgomery, H. (2009). An introduction to childhood: Anthropological perspectives on children’s lives. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

  • Morrow, V. (2001). Young People’s explanations and experiences of social exclusion: Retrieving Bourdieu’s concept of social capital. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 21(4), 37–63.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Morrow, V. (2013). Troubling transitions? Young people’s experiences of growing up in poverty in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Youth Studies, 16(1), 86–100.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Murray, W. (2006). Geographies of globalization. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Panelli, R., Punch, S., & Robson, E. (Eds.). (2007). Global perspectives on rural childhood and youth: Young rural lives. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Parrado, E. (2005). Transition to adulthood in Mexico. In H. Blossfeld, E. Klijzing, M. Mills, & K. Kurz (Eds.), Globalization, uncertainty and youth in society (pp. 327–348). London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plows, V. (2012). Conflict and coexistence: Challenging interactions, expressions of agency and ways of relating to work with young people in the minority world. Children’s Geographies, 10(3), 279–292.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Porter, G., Hampshire, K., Mashiri, M., Dube, S., & Maponya, G. (2010). ‘Youthscapes’ and escapes in rural Africa: Education, Mobility and Livelihood Trajectories for Young People in Eastern Cape, South Africa. Journal of International Development, 22, 1090–1101.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Punch, S. (2002). Youth transitions and interdependent adult-child relations in rural Bolivia. Journal of Rural Studies, 18(2), 123–133.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Punch, S. (2004). The impact of primary education on school-to-work transitions for young people in rural Bolivia. Youth & Society, 36(2), 163–182.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Punch, S. (2010). Generational power relations in rural Bolivia’. In R. Panelli, S. Punch, & E. Robson (Eds.), Global perspectives on rural childhood and youth: Young rural lives (pp. 151–164). London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Punch, S. (2014). Young migrant trajectories from Bolivia to Argentina: Changes and continuities in an era of globalisation. In A. Veale & G. Dona (Eds.), Children, migration and globalisation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Punch, S., & Sugden, F. (2013). Work, education and out-migration among children and youth in upland Asia: Changing patterns of labour and ecological knowledge in an era of globalisation. Local Environment, 18(3), 255–270.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Punch, S., & Tisdall, K. (Eds.). (2013). Children and young People’s relationships: Learning across majority and minority worlds. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Punch, S., Bell, S., Costello, L., & Panelli, R. (2007). Power and place for rural young people. In R. Panelli, S. Punch, & E. Robson (Eds.), Global perspectives on rural childhood and youth: Young rural lives. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rizzini, I., & Barker, G. (2002). Recent political and economic trends affecting children and youth in Brazil. In N. H. Kaufman & I. Rizzini (Eds.), Globalization and children: Exploring potentials for enhancing opportunities in the lives of children and youth (pp. 129–150). London: Plenum.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomson, R. (2007). The qualitative longitudinal case history: Practical, methodological and ethical reflections. Social Policy and Society, 6(4), 571–582.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Thomson, R., Bell, R., Holland, J., Henderson, S., McGrellis, S., & Sharpe, S. (2002). Critical moments: Choice, chance and opportunity in young people’s narratives of transition. Sociology, 36(2), 335–354.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Van Blerk, L. (2008). Poverty, migration and sex work: Youth transitions in Ethiopia. Area, 40(2), 245–253.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wells, K. (2009). Childhood in global perspective. Cambridge: Polity Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodman, D., & Wyn, J. (2011). Youth research in a changing world. In S. Beadle, R. Holdsworth, & J. Wyn (Eds.), For we are young and…? Young people in a time of uncertainty. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Worth, N. (2009). Understanding youth transition as ‘becoming’: Identity, time and futurity. Geoforum, 40, 1050–1060.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wyn, J., Lantz, S., & Harris, A. (2012). Beyond the ‘transitions’ metaphor: Family relations and young people in late modernity. Journal of Sociology, 48(1), 3–22.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Samantha Punch .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Singapore

About this entry

Cite this entry

Punch, S. (2015). Possibilities for Learning Between Childhoods and Youth in the Minority and Majority Worlds: Youth Transitions as an Example of Cross-World Dialogue. In: Wyn, J., Cahill, H. (eds) Handbook of Children and Youth Studies. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-4451-15-4_28

Download citation