Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Competition and Fair Play

  • Graham McFee
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_72



Introduction: Competition Is Characteristic of Sports

Competition is arguably characteristic of sports. At the least, if there are noncompetitive sports (or if the most readily translated word “sport” in some European languages applies also to some noncompetitive physical activities), a fairly clearly demarcated class of activities thought of as sports does centrally involve competition between individuals or teams, typified by the activities included in the Olympic Games (and similar competitive structures: the FIFA World Cup in soccer, the Super Bowl in American football). The resolution of such competition may differ in those sports where the manner of attaining the goal whereby one is successful is fundamental (what David Best 1978called “aesthetic sports,” typified by gymnastic vaulting or ice skating) by contrast with those sports where the manner of achieving the “aim” is irrelevant as long as it is within the rules of the sport (and hence varied) – true of the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BrightonBrightonUK
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyCalifornia State University FullertonFullertonUSA