Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Language and Identity in Haiti: Central Issues in Education

  • Ashlyn Haycook
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_527



Haiti is often called the poorest country of the Western Hemisphere, despite having been called the Pearl of the Antilles during the period of colonization. It achieved its independence before any other nation in Latin America, but that independence has been followed by centuries of social, economic, and environmental problems. It was colonized by the French rather than the Spanish or Portuguese, and the remnants of French imperialism found in its society lead to serious tensions between a French-speaking elite and a Creole-speaking minority. This paper will attempt to examine the history of Haiti and its history of domination compared to its perceived independence as well as the way language plays into these dynamics. I will synthesize writings by various French, Haitian, Martiniquais, and American authors while adding a new perspective on the subject. The majority of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Loyola University of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA