# Mathematics Education as a Matter of Technology

**DOI:**https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_513

## Introduction

Mathematics education, like mathematics, has always been a matter of technology. Whether it is the compass -and -straightedge or the blackboard, both the doing and teaching of mathematics have always featured tools or devices of some kind. While much attention is currently given to whether or not contemporary digital technology improves teaching and/or learning, the focus here will be on the changing understanding of technology over time and its relation to ontological, epistemological, and even axiological stances at play in mathematics education. The following three sections thus, respectively, explore the shifting terrain of technology, the ongoing dance between mind and matter in which technology is inscribed, and the evolving functions of technology in mathematics education.

## The Shifting Terrain of Technology

As befits this kind of inquiry, it is useful to reflect upon what people mean when they use the word “technology” and how this has changed over time in...

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