Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Cognitive Imperialism

  • Marie Battiste
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_501

Synonyms

 Brain-washing;  Cognitive assimilation;  Cultural imperialism;  Hierarchical invidious monoism;  Hierarchical patrimonial monologue

Cognitive imperialism is a term that describes the mental, emotional, destructive, and traumatic effects of the experience of individuals and peoples forced to be educated and living under Eurocentric colonialism and imperialism (Fanon 1965, 1967; Memmi 1967, 2006). It is a form of cognitive manipulation used in social and education systems to disclaim other knowledge systems and values, known as a banking model (Freire 2004), cultural imperialism (Carnoy 1974), mental colonization or colonization of the mind (Chinweizu 1987; Hotep 2003), culturalism, cultural racism, epistemic violence, cultural genocide, or cognitive assimilation. However, cognitive imperialism’s focus of the change is in the consciousness and knowledge systems, rather than in culture. It is integral to replacing one knowledge system with another knowledge system that results...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Battiste, M. (1986). Mi’kmaq literacy and cognitive assimilation. In J. Barman, Y. Hébert, & D. McCaskill (Eds.), Indian education in Canada: The legacy (Vol. 1, pp. 23–44). Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar
  2. Blaut, J. (1993). The colonizer’s model of the world: Geographical diffusionism and Eurocentric history. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  3. Carnoy, M. (1974). Education as cultural imperialism. New York: David McKay.Google Scholar
  4. Chinweizu, I. (1987). Decolonising the African mind. Lagos: Pero Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Duran, E., & Duran, B. (1995). Native American postcolonial psychology. In R. D. Mann (Series Ed.), SUNY series in transpersonal and humanistic psychology. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  6. Fanon, F. (1965). The wretched of the earth. New York: Grove [original French edition, 1961].Google Scholar
  7. Fanon, F. (1967). Black skin, white masks. New York: Grove [original French edition, 1952].Google Scholar
  8. Freire, P. (2004). Pedagogy of the oppressed, 30th anniversary edition (trans: Ramos, M. B.). New York: Continuum Press.Google Scholar
  9. Haveman, P. (1999). Indigenous rights in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. New York: Oxford.Google Scholar
  10. Hoppers, C. O. (Ed.). (2002). Indigenous knowledge and the integration of knowledge systems: Towards a philosophy of articulation. Claremont Africa: New Africa Books (Pty).Google Scholar
  11. Hoppers, C. O., & Richards, H. (2012). Rethinking thinking: Modernity’s “other” and the transformation of the university. Pretoria: University of South Africa.Google Scholar
  12. Hotep, U. (2003). Decolonizing the African mind: Further analysis and strategy. Paper presented Kwame Ture Youth Leadership, Pittsburg. http://whgbetc.com/ifbm/decolonizing.html. Accessed via google search Uhuru hotep on 25 May 2016.
  13. McConaghy, C. (2002). Rethinking Indigenous education: Culturalism, colonialism and the politics of knowing. Flaxton: Post Pressed.Google Scholar
  14. Memmi, A. (1967). The colonizer and the colonized. Boston: Beacon [original French edition, with a prologue by Jean-Paul Sartre, 1957].Google Scholar
  15. Memmi, A. (2006). Decolonization and the decolonized. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press [original French edition, 2004].Google Scholar
  16. Minnich, E. (1990). Transforming knowledge. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  17. RCAP, Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP). (1996). Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (5 vols). Ottawa: Canada Communication Group.Google Scholar
  18. Smith, L. T. (1999). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and Indigenous peoples. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada