Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Competitive Education Harms Moral Growth

  • Jani Pulkki
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_422


The growth of a human being has many aspects including morality among its important features. The major traditions of moral philosophy and moral education maintain that morality consists of cultivating altruism in its different forms such as benevolence, generosity, and friendliness. The opposite of altruism, egoism, is consequently among the key problems of moral education. The human ego is an important phenomena’s of moral education and also key for understanding competitive behavior and motivation. Competition is social action by nature involving at least two subjects trying to outdo each other. The term moral subjectivity refers to individual morality emerging at the crossroad of the individual, cultural, societal, and historical. Competitive human ego is, therefore, constructed as a moral subjectivity by learning language, culture, and ways of interacting in a particular kind of society with a particular history. Egoism is among the hindrances of growing a sound moral...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TampereTampereFinland