Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

“Openness” and “Open Education” in the Global Digital Economy: An Emerging Paradigm of Social Production

  • Michael A. Peters
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_413

Introduction

On February 14, 2008, Harvard University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences adopted a policy that requires faculty members to allow the university to make their scholarly articles available free online. The new policy makes Harvard the first university in the USA to mandate open access to its faculty members’ research publications (see Peter Suber’s blog) and marks the beginning of a new era that will encourage other US universities to do the same. Open access, to use Suber’s definition, means “putting peer-reviewed scientific and scholarly literature on the internet, making it available free of charge and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions, and removing the barriers to serious research.” As Lila Guterman reports in The Chronicle of Higher Education News Blog“Stuart M. Shieber, a professor of computer science at Harvard who proposed the new policy, said after the vote in a news release that the decision ‘should be a very powerful message to the academic...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand