Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Open Education and Education for Openness

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_411

Introduction

Open education involves a commitment to openness and is therefore inevitably a political and social project. The concept of openness in regard to education predates the openness movement that begins with free software and open source in the mid 1980s with roots going back to the Enlightenment that are bound up with the philosophical foundations of modern education with its commitments to freedom, citizenship, knowledge for all, social progress, and individual transformation. Yet in another way political, social, and technological developments have taken place in parallel alongside the history of the movement of open education that have heightened certain political and epistemological features and technologically enabled others that emphasize questions of access to knowledge, the coproduction and codesign of educational programs and of knowledge, the sharing, use, reuse, and modification of resources while enhancing the ethics of participation and collaboration.

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References

  1. Bergson, H. (1956). The two sources of morality and religion (trans: Ashley Audra R. & Brereton C.). New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  2. Descartes, R. (2005). Discourse on method (trans and ed: Bennett J.). Retrieved from http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/descartes1637.pdf.
  3. Kant, I. (1998). The critique of pure reason (trans and ed: Guyer P. & Wood A. W.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://strangebeautiful.com/other-texts/kant-first-critique-cambridge.pdf.
  4. Popper, K. (1947). The open society and it’s enemies (1 & 2 vols). London: Routledge. Retrieved from https://archive.org/stream/opensocietyandit033120mbp/opensocietyandit033120mbp_djvu.txt.

Recommended Reading

  1. Deimann, M., & Peters, M. (Eds.) (2015). The Philosophy of open learning. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  2. Peters, M., & Britez, R. (Eds.) (2008). Open education and education for openness. Rotterdam: Sense.Google Scholar
  3. Peters, M., & Roberts, P. (2012). The virtues of openness: education, science, and scholarship in the digital age. Oxford, UK: Routledge (Paradigm).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand