Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Dewey, John (1859–1952)

  • Jim Garrison
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_306

John Dewey (1859–1952) was a pragmatic philosopher, psychologist, and educator commonly regarded as the founder of the progressive education movement. Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont, on October 20, 1859. His father was a grocer and Civil War Veteran, his mother a strong-willed evangelical Congregationalist noted for her work with the city’s poor. John was a shy and self-conscious boy, and as a man, he never entirely lost these qualities. In 1875, he enrolled in the University of Vermont where he took his BA degree. Although his interest in philosophy emerged as an undergraduate, he was uncertain about his future. He taught high school for 2 years in Oil City, Pennsylvania, and then 1 more year back in his hometown of Burlington where he arranged for private tutorials in philosophy with his former teacher H. A. P. Torry.

Doubtful of his own ability, Dewey sent two essays to W. T. Harris, editor of the Journal of Speculative Philosophy, asking if they showed any talent....

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Human Resources and Education Virginia TechVirginia Tech UniversityBlacksburgUSA