Constructivism refers to the notion according to which knowledge results from a process based on mental operations, or judgments, or the capacity of judgment. Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) proposed that the theoretic or pure capacity of judgment be based on a priori synthetic judgements of space and time. Since then there is a controversy about the reality of those judgements and about its explicative power. In this controversy two antagonistic positions are found: the one that supports the innatism of those judgements and the one that denies it. Between these two positions there is a third one, due to Jean Piaget, that considers that space and time are not a priori, and that the innate aspects are the instinctive acts, from which reasoning is constituted.
The constructivism proposed by Jean Piaget (1896–1980) considers that “the formal obligation of transcending endlessly the systems already constructed in order to assure non-contradiction is convergent with the genetic tendency of...
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