Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Marxism and Student Movements

  • Sandra X. Delgado
  • Michelle Gautreaux
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_281


Students and student movements have played crucial roles in political, cultural, and social transformations since the beginnings of the university (Altbach 1966, 1989; Boren 2001; DeGroot 1998; Lipset and Altbach 1966, 1969; Barker 2008a). Students are characterized for being a heterogeneous group who represent a diverse, pluralistic, and contradictory range of ideologies, grievances, and political commitments. Student movements are as diverse as students are; historically, student movements have not always been progressive or radical in their aims. For example, during the revolutions of Paris 1848 and Russia 1917–1919, students sided with the reactionary bourgeoisie (Barker 2008a). On the other hand, in the student movements of the 1960s and early 1970s in the United States, or Latin American movements in the 1950s and 1960s, student movements played a more revolutionary role (Barker 2008a; Spector 2013). Although the topic of this entry focuses on the relationship...

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© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada