Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Critical and Social Justice Pedagogies in Practice

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_234



While pedagogy is most simply conceived of as the study of teaching and learning, the term critical pedagogy embodies notions of how one teaches, what is being taught, and how one learns. Critical pedagogy is a way of thinking about, negotiating, and transforming the relationship among classroom teachings, the production of knowledge, the institutional structures of the school, and the social and material relation of the wider community and society. Critical pedagogy is historically rooted in the critical theory of the Frankfurt School and was greatly influenced by the work of Karl Marx, particularly his views about labor. According to Marx, the essential societal problem was one of socioeconomic inequality, believing that social justice is essentially dependent upon economic conditions. The “New Left scholars” in North America, including Henry Giroux, Roger Simon, Michael Apple, and Peter McLaren...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Brock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada