Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Ideology

  • Manuel Anselmi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_225

Introduction

Ideology is a very wide and polysemous concept that can have different definitions depending on the theoretical frame of reference. Generally, we speak of an ideological phenomenon when there is a conditioning of action of one or more individuals by a social power on the basis of objectives and criteria which are not critical and rational but rather in compliance with the objective of power domination.

Studies on ideology got under way in the 1920s and became widespread in the 1960s by means of the spread of Marxism. In the 1980s and 1990s, it was taken up again in the anthropological field with Geertz’s research and in the field of political science with Freeden’s work.

One of the milestones in this field was the volume Ideology and Utopia by Karl Mannheim (1936). This work, even before having the merit of giving a new definition of the concept of ideology in opposition to the concept of utopia, delineated a genealogy of the concept of ideology for the first time...

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References

  1. Bobbio, N. (1973). Pareto e il sistema sociale. Firenze: Sansoni.Google Scholar
  2. Boudon R (1989). The analysis of ideology. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. Eco, U. (1976). Il superuomo di massa. Retorica e ideologia nel romanzo popolare. Milano: Bompiani.Google Scholar
  4. Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity, youth and crisis. New York: W. W. Norton Company.Google Scholar
  5. Freeden, M. (2003). Ideology: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures: selected essays. New York: Basic.Google Scholar
  7. Gramsci, A. (1975). In V. Gerrantana (Ed.), Quaderni del carcere. 4 vols. Turin: Einaudi.Google Scholar
  8. Mannheim, K. (1936). Ideology and utopia. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Van Teun, D. (1998). Ideology: A multidisciplinary approach. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  10. Vinnai, G. (1973). Football mania: The players and the fans: The mass psychology of football. London: Ocean Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PerugiaPerugiaItaly