Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_219

Introduction

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are one of the most high-profile education and technology developments in recent years and have attracted a wealth of responses from researchers, educators, social commentators, and the media. In order to approach a comprehensive understanding of what the MOOC is, as this entry will try to do, it is not only a technological and pedagogical timeline of developments that has to be established, but also an insight into the ways these prominent courses have been described and understood in public discourse. This entry will therefore comprise three sections: early experimentations, mainstream platforms, and responses. These sections will outline the key individuals and organizations involved and the dominant channels through which MOOCs have developed, diverged, and become established.

Following the acronym, MOOCs might be classified as courses that are designed for large numbers of participants (“massive”), free to access (“open”), delivered...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Adams, S. (2012). Is coursera the beginning of the end for traditional higher education? Forbes. 17 July 2012. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/susanadams/2012/07/17/is-coursera-the-beginning-of-the-end-for-traditional-higher-education/
  2. Barber, M., Donnelly, K., & Rizvi, S. (2013). An avalanche is coming: Higher education and the revolution ahead. Institute for public policy research. Retrieved from http://www.ippr.org/assets/media/images/media/files/publication/2013/04/avalanche-is-coming_Mar2013_10432.pdf
  3. Bayne, S., & Ross, J. (2014). The pedagogy of the massive open online course: the uk view. Higher education academy. Pedagogic research report https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resources/detail/elt/the_pedagogy_of_the_MOOC_UK_view
  4. Cormier, D. (2010). What is a MOOC. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/eW3gMGqcZQc
  5. Daniel, S. J. (2012). Making sense of MOOCs : Musings in a maze of myth, paradox and possibility. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, Perspective, (3), 1–20. http://jime.open.ac.uk/articles/10.5334/2012-18/
  6. Downes, S., & Siemens, G. (2011). Connectivism and connective knowledge. Retrieved from http://cck11.mooc.ca/index.html
  7. Friedman, T. (2013). Revolution hits the universities. New York Times. 27 Jan 2013. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/27/opinion/sunday/friedman-revolution-hits-the-universities.html
  8. Shirky, C. (2012). Napster, udacity, and the academy. Retrieved from http://www.shirky.com/weblog/2012/11/napster-udacity-and-the-academy/
  9. Siemens, G. (2005). Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 2(1). Retrieved from http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Jan_05/article01.htm
  10. Weller, M. (2014). The battle for open: How openness won and why it doesn’t feel like victory. London: Ubiquity Press. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/bam.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of EdinburghScotlandUK