Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Fonua

  • Tafili Utumapu-McBride
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_18

Synonyms

Introduction

Fonua has been researched and introduced to academia by Tongan scholars (Mahina 1992; Taufe’ulungaki 2004, as cited in Tu’itahi 2005). This entry starts by defining the word/concept and then discusses the Samoan equivalent, which is fanua. Then there is the unpacking of the multiple meanings of fanua and its cultural relevance to Samoan people. What follows is a brief overview into the significance associated with i’e toga (fine mats) and the importance of sacred relationships.

Definition

Fonua is a Tongan concept that best describes land, people, and ongoing relationships (Tu’itahi 2005). The same concept is acknowledged by the various Pacific Island cultures. Fonua is the word for Tonga and Niue. For Maori it is whenua; Samoa, fanua; Fiji, vanua; Cook Islands, ‘enua; Tokelau, fenua; and Tuvalu, manafa.

Fonua also connects the various stages of the cycle of human life. For example, a baby is...

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References

  1. Meleisea, M., Meleisea, P. S., Naseri, U., Leatio’o, K., Sio, G. P., Fitisemanu, T., Suafole, I., Tavale, T., Va’ai, I., Aveau, S., Salale, S., & Sione, G. (1987). Old Samoa. In M. Meleisea & P. S. Meleisea (Eds.), Lagaga: A short history of Western Samoa (pp. 24–38). Suva: USP.Google Scholar
  2. Tagoilelagi-Leota, F. (2010). Fa’alelegapepe: A living assessment for Aoga Amata. In B. Clark & A. Grey (Eds.), Ata kitea te pae – Scanning the horizon: Perspectives on early childhood education (pp. 37–45). Auckland: Pearson.Google Scholar
  3. Tagoilelagi-Leota, S. F., Kesi, F., & Galu, L. M. (2013). Ietoga and human lifespan. In S. F. Tagoilelagi-Leota & T. Utumapu-McBride (Eds.), O pelega o fanau: Treasuring children (pp. 99–106). Auckland: Printsprint/AUT University.Google Scholar
  4. Tu’itahi, S. (2005). Langa fonua: In search of success. How a Tongan kainga strived to be socially and economically successful in New Zealand. Auckland: Office of the Directorate Pasifika@Massey.Google Scholar
  5. Tui Atua, T. T. T. (2009). In search of harmony: Peace in the Samoan indigenous religion. In T. Suaalii-Sauni, I. Tuagalu, T. N. Kirifi-Alai, & N. Fuamatu (Eds.), Su’esu’e manogi: In search of fragrance: Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Ta’isi and the Samoan indigenous reference (pp. 104–114). Apia: National University of Samoa.Google Scholar
  6. University of Hawaii at Manoa. (n.d.). Medicinal plants. Retrieved from http://manoa.hawaii.edu/hpicesu/techr/152/10.pdf
  7. Utumapu-McBride, T. (2014). The essence of family. In M. Kepa, L. Manu’atu, & M. Pepe (Eds.), Booklet of poems: Words of wisdom (pp. 58–59). Auckland: Forum of Indigenous Thinkers, Artists, Poets, Scholars & Educators.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Auckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand