Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Mālie Conceptualizing: A New Philosophy of Tongan Education

  • Linitā Manu’atu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_17


The terminology, mālie, is an indigenous word in Tongan language and culture, one of the many languages and cultures identified in the South Pacific. Mālie means good, pleasing, pleasant, interesting, advantageous, helpful, splendid, fine, commendable, admirable, or very satisfactory (Churchward 1953). An initial study of mālie in the academy by Manu’atu in 2000 has paved a way of decolonizing the thinking of Tongan people to draw upon their concepts, values, and beliefs in their own Tongan language for ideas to deepen their thinking about their education, pedagogies, and philosophies. Furthermore, the study has opened up an entry from Tongan peoples’ wisdoms to talking knowledge and philosophy with people of different languages and cultures in the world. This intellectual work is exciting and challenging, and the conceptualizing of mālie is working in progress.

Conceptualizing Mālie from a Tongan Perspective

Māliecan be talked about as a spirit (a philosophy) that...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Api Fakakoloa Educational Services, Loto’Ofa WhatuManawa Educational ServicesMt RoskillNew Zealand