Mālie Conceptualizing: A New Philosophy of Tongan Education
The terminology, mālie, is an indigenous word in Tongan language and culture, one of the many languages and cultures identified in the South Pacific. Mālie means good, pleasing, pleasant, interesting, advantageous, helpful, splendid, fine, commendable, admirable, or very satisfactory (Churchward 1953). An initial study of mālie in the academy by Manu’atu in 2000 has paved a way of decolonizing the thinking of Tongan people to draw upon their concepts, values, and beliefs in their own Tongan language for ideas to deepen their thinking about their education, pedagogies, and philosophies. Furthermore, the study has opened up an entry from Tongan peoples’ wisdoms to talking knowledge and philosophy with people of different languages and cultures in the world. This intellectual work is exciting and challenging, and the conceptualizing of mālie is working in progress.
Conceptualizing Mālie from a Tongan Perspective
Māliecan be talked about as a spirit (a philosophy) that...
- Churchward, C. M. (1953). Tongan grammar. Nuku’alofa: Government Printing Press.Google Scholar
- Churchward, C. M. (1959). Tongan dictionary. Nuku’alofa: Government Printing Press.Google Scholar
- Manu’atu, L. (2000a). Tuli ke ma’u hono ngaahi malie: Pedagogical possibilities for Tongan students schooling in New Zealand. Unpublished doctoral thesis, The University of Auckland.Google Scholar
- Manu’atu, L. (2000b). Kātoanga faiva: A pedagogical site for Tongan students. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 32(1), p73.Google Scholar
- Manu’atu, L. (2014) Tuli Ke Ma’u Hono Ngaahi Mālie. In M. Kepa, L. Manu’atu, & M. Pepe (Eds.), Booklet of poems words of wisdom. Auckland: Forum of Indigenous Thinkers, Artists Poets, Scholars and Educators. ISBN 978-1-927-18424-0.Google Scholar
- Manu’atu, L. (2016). Mālō e ‘Ofa! Renewing the spirits of Tongan migrants through a new educational programme at the University. In L. Manu’atu & M. Kepa (Eds.), Ofa, Alofa, Aroha, Aro’a love in Pasifika and indigenous education. Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing. ISBN 978-3-659-80476-2.Google Scholar