Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Freire and a Pedagogy of Suffering: A Moral Ontology

  • Rosa Hong ChenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_105

It is important to emphasize that, in speaking of “being more,” or of humanization as ontological vocation of the human being, I am not falling into any fundamentalistic position…

–Paulo Freire (Pedagogy of Hope, 2007, p. 84)


Paulo Freire has been widely and richly studied within the fields of pedagogy, freedom, hope, oppression in terms of liberation education, and methodology (Roberts 2000, 2016, and many others). For Freire, literacy, “through which the self learns and changes” (1985, p. 6), is an effort for an individual to take control of his world (cf. Freire 1985, 2006, 2007). This is, metaphysically, a process of humanization. Freire’s educational philosophy focuses particularly on the ontological and moral nature of human beings in the struggle for liberation from economic, social, and political domination. He says in Pedagogy of the Oppressed (2006) that the aim of humanization is authentic liberation, which is a praxis, “reflection and action upon the world in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Simon Fraser UniversityVancouverCanada