Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Existential Individual Alone Within Freire’s Sociopolitical Solidarity

  • R. Scott Webster
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_104



Freire’s work has been recognized as lacking some careful and systematic attention to details on occasion (Dale and Hyslop-Margison 2011; Gerhardt 1993; Roberts 2010). This is not a serious criticism but is simply accepted as characteristic of his humanizing approach. One example of an event Freire identifies as important but does not provide systematic details about is the personally existential encounter an individual must face alone while being educated and liberated to participate in the sociopolitical solidarity of her context. Existential encounters are often marginalized due to the all-important focus upon dialogue between others. This contribution seeks to draw attention to the existential experiences of educational transformations to which Freire refers, explaining that these are not just juxtaposed ideas (Hufford 2010) but must necessarily be experienced alonebecause of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Dale, J., & Hyslop-Margison, E. J. (2011). Pedagogy of humanism. In Paulo Freire: Teaching for freedom and transformation (pp. 71–104). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Freire, P. (1975). Education for critical consciousness. London/New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  3. Freire, P. (1985). The politics of education. Granby: Bergin & Garvey Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Freire, P. (1994). Pedagogy of hope. London/New York: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  5. Freire, P. (1998). Pedagogy of freedom. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York/London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  7. Fromm, E. (1942). The fear of freedom. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Gerhardt, H.-P. (1993). Paulo Freire. Prospects: The Quarterly Review of Comparative Education, XX111(3/4), 439–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hufford, D. (2010). Education, existentialism, and Freire: A juxtaposition. Journal of Philosophy and History of Education, 60, 167–174.Google Scholar
  10. Roberts, P. (2010). Paulo Freire in the 21st century. Boulder/London: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Deakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia