Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

2017 Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Freire’s Philosophy and Pedagogy: Humanization and Education

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_102

Synonyms

Introduction

At the heart of Paulo Freire’s philosophy and pedagogy is the notion of humanization. While Freire’s understanding and application of this central concept underwent some subtle shifts as his thought progressed, much remained consistent from his earliest books to his final writings. This entry explores some of the links between humanization and other key terms in Freirean theory – praxis, dialogue, and conscientization – and comments on Freire’s depiction of neoliberalism as an example of dehumanization.

Humanization, Transformation, and Education

Freire’s most comprehensive treatment of humanization can be found in chapter 1 of his classic early work, Pedagogy of the Oppressed (Freire 1972). There, he develops the idea that humanization is both an ontological and an historical vocation. Humanization is understood as a process of becoming more fully human. This is an ontological vocation in the...

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References

  1. Freire, P. (1972). Pedagogy of the oppressed. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
  2. Freire, P. (1976). Education: The practice of freedom. London: Writers and Readers.Google Scholar
  3. Freire, P. (1997). Pedagogy of the heart. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  4. Freire, P. (1998a). Pedagogy of freedom: Ethics, democracy, and civic courage. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  5. Freire, P. (1998b). Teachers as cultural workers: Letters to those who dare teach. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  6. Freire, P., & Shor, I. (1987). A pedagogy for liberation. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mayo, P. (1999). Gramsci, Freire and adult education: Possibilities for transformative action. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  8. Roberts, P. (2010). Paulo Freire in the 21st century: Education, dialogue and transformation. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. Roberts, P. (2016). Happiness, hope, and despair: Rethinking the role of education. New York: Peter Lang.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Schugurensky, D. (2011). Paulo Freire. London: Continuum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand