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Influence of Credentialism on Education in China

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Synonyms

Structural functionalism

Introduction

Structural functionalists contend that society is a stable, harmonious, and orderly organism. The foundation of social operation lies in the system of social division of labor (Durkheim 1933). The reason for the division of labor is the progress of science and technology (Dahrendorf 1959). Along with the development of “specialization” production technology, the division system will be further differentiated and refined, and this change will form a professional class system (Davis and Moore 1966). In this system, more education, knowledge, and skills training are needed for higher positions, so society should combine academic credentials with economic rewards (Bourdieu 1990). The higher the degree, the higher the economic reward should be and the more chance for individuals to enter the middle-class club (Schultz 1961). Therefore, education is the equalizer to achieve social equity, through which most working-class students can achieve...

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Correspondence to Peipei Jin .

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Jin, P. et al. (2018). Influence of Credentialism on Education in China. In: Peters, M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-532-7_621-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-532-7_621-1

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