Skip to main content

Internationalization of Chinese Higher Education

  • 60 Accesses

Internationalization has been a survival tool since China started its modernization of higher education in the nineteenth century. It becomes more important recently when the international dimension and positioning of higher education assume global significance. The meanings and forms of China’s internationalization of higher education compare sharply with those of Western societies. Unlike most Western higher education systems that badly need to incorporate cultural values other than their own into institutional establishments, China’s priority is to integrate Western values with its traditions. The process of internationalizing higher education has been shot through with intense ideological and cultural conflicts.

Historical Development

China’s internationalization of higher education started when its oldest modern university was founded in 1893 as a “Self-Strengthening Institute” with European advice. Chinese universities have since accepted the cultural values underlying the...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  • Center for China and Globalization (CCG). (2016). Annual report on the development of Chinese students studying abroad 2016. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • China Education Association for International Exchange (CEAIE). (2015). Report release: Internationalization of higher education in China. Beijing: China Education Association for International Exchange.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gu, J. M. (2010). Disparities in the development of higher education internationalization in China: An analysis. Journal of Zhejiang Education Institute, 6, 1–6. [in Chinese].

    Google Scholar 

  • Yu, J.H. (2016). Student mobility in internationalization: Recent developments, new viewpoints and latest changes [in Chinese]. Retrieved 4 Feb 2016 from

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rui Yang .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Section Editor information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this entry

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Yang, R. (2019). Internationalization of Chinese Higher Education. In: Peters, M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-287-532-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-287-532-7

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference EducationReference Module Humanities and Social Sciences