Living Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

pp 1-6

Date: Latest Version

Assessment and Parents

  • Lois Ruth HarrisAffiliated withCentral Queensland University Email author 
  • , Gavin T. L. BrownAffiliated withFaculty of Education and Social Work, The University of Auckland Email author 


Guardians; Caregivers; Families; Testing; Examination; Evaluation; Classroom assessment


Parents are important educational stakeholders, and their relationship with assessment is bi-directional in that they both influence their child’s results and are also influenced by those results. The term parent is used to refer to anyone fulfilling parental or guardian roles (i.e., caring for and making educational decisions on behalf of the child). Hence, in addition to or instead of a biological parent, this person could be a grandparent, step-parent, carer, foster parent, adoptive parent, other relative, guardian, or, in some cultures, a collective group of adults.

While parents do not generally have any direct say in how their child is assessed [although parent opinion does impact on assessment policy (Buckendahl 2016)], many parents actively interpret and use assessment data, whether to better understand their own child’s progress or to form opinions about the quality of loc ...

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