Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Camus, Albert (1913–1960)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-532-7_296-1

Albert Camus (1913–1960), novelist, dramatist, philosopher, essayist, was born in Algeria on 7 November 1913. His mother was Spanish and his Breton father was killed in World War I in 1914. Camus was raised and studied under difficult but reasonably happy circumstances: “though I was born poor, I was born under a happy sky in a natural setting with which one feels in union, unalienated.” Initially a journalist in Algiers, and later in Paris, he was Editor of Combat, the underground resistance newspaper from 1942 to 1946. Camus, like his friends Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, was then an active member of the resistance. He was but 46 when he was killed instantly in a road accident in January 1960, having been offered a lift back to Paris by a close friend (Roger Gallimard, the publisher, who later died of injuries sustained in the crash). The Nobel Prize for literature was awarded to Camus in 1957.

While his major interest was mainly in literature, he studied philosophy at...

Keywords

Nobel Prize Human Condition Road Accident Open Face Middle Path 
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References

  1. Bree, G. (Ed.). (1962). Camus: A collection of critical essays. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Camus, A. (1942a). L’Etranger. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  3. Camus, A. (1942b). Le Myth de Sisyphe. Paris: Gallimard (Transl. Justin O’Brien, The Myth of Sisyphus, Hamish Hamilton, London, 1955).Google Scholar
  4. Camus, A. (1944, August 24). The Blood of Freedom. Combat.Google Scholar
  5. Camus, A. (1951). L’Homme Révolté. Paris: Gallimard (Transl. Anthony Bower, The Rebel, Penguin and Hamish Hamilton, Harmondsworth, 1969).Google Scholar
  6. Camus, A. (1960). The collected fiction of Albert Camus. London: Hamish Hamilton.Google Scholar
  7. de Beauvoir, S. (1968). Force of circumstance. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
  8. de Luppé, R. (1966). Albert Camus. London: Merlin Press.Google Scholar
  9. Sartre, J. -P. (1952). Reply to Albert Camus in (trans: Eisler, B.). Sartre, J. -P. (1965). Situations (pp. 71–105). London: Hamish Hamilton.Google Scholar
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  11. Sprintzen, D. (1988). Camus: A critical examination. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Auckland UniversityAucklandNew Zealand