Living Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

pp 1-5

Date: Latest Version

Canguilhem and Philosophy of Education

Georges Canguilhem was born on 4 June 1904, at Castelnaudary near Toulouse, in South West France. He died on 11 September 1995 at the age of 91.

Success at Castelnaudary Lycée (where he was a boarder), and the award of a scholarship to study at the prestigious Lycée Henri-IV in Paris, enabled him to gain entrance to the École Normale Supérieure in 1924. In his cohort were Jean-Paul Sartre, Raymond Aron, and Paul Nizan. Later there were Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean Cavaillès. He was influenced by his teacher Alain (Emile Chartier) at Henri-IV, by Cavaillès whom he succeeded at the University of Strasbourg in 1941, and by Gaston Bachelard, whom he succeeded as Professor of History and Philosophy of Sciences at the Sorbonne and as Director of the Institut d’Histoire des Sciences and Techniques, in 1955. In addition to his qualifications in philosophy, he gained a Doctorate in Medicine at the University of Strasbourg in 1943. His doctoral thesis was to be republished several times and tra ...

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