Educational leadership is a political enterprise. Scholars in the field first acknowledged the political nature of educational leadership around the middle of the twentieth century. Since that time the study of politics in education has expanded and flourished, becoming a staple of inquiry in leadership and educational administration studies. Not all scholars, however, approach the study of politics in the same way; the manner in which they explore this realm is associated with the meaning they attribute to politics and the research traditions with which they identify. This entry explores how scholars have approached the political aspect of educational leadership over the years. It reviews the various traditions, the meanings associated with them, and the research on politics and leadership that they have generated.