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Multidimensional Body–Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ)

Development of the Original Body–Self Relations Questionnaire

In the early 1980s, this author, in collaboration with colleague Barbara Winstead, conceived a new approach to the assessment of body image. Drawing upon the extant social psychological literature on attitudes, the guiding perspective for this self-report assessment regarded body image as a reflection of affective, cognitive, and behavioral dispositions toward one’s own body. Affective elements concern one’s feelings about the body. Cognitive elements pertain to beliefs about and attention toward one’s body. Behavioral elements refer to one’s overt actions in relation to the body. Moreover, the authors proposed that self-attitudes are held vis-à-vis three physical domains: physical aesthetics or “appearance,” physical competence or “fitness,” and biological integrity or “health/illness.”

A research team began to generate potential items for the initial version of this instrument, which was termed the Body–Self Relations...


  • Body Image
  • Health Orientation
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Appearance Orientation
  • Body Image Assessment

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References and Further Reading

  • Brown, T. A., Cash, T. F., & Lewis, R. J. (1989). Body-image disturbances in adolescent female binge-purgers: A brief report of the results of a national survey in the U.S.A. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30, 605–613.

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  • Brown, T. A., Cash, T. F., & Mikulka, P. J. (1990). Attitudinal body image assessment: Factor analysis of the body-self relations questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55, 135–144.

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  • Cash, T. F. (2011a). Cognitive-behavioral perspectives on body image. In T. F. Cash & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image: A handbook of science, practice, and prevention (pp. 39–47). New York: Guilford Press.

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  • Cash, T. F. (2011b). Crucial considerations in the assessment of body image. In T. F. Cash & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image: A handbook of science, practice, and prevention (pp. 129–137). New York: Guilford Press.

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  • Cash, T. F., & Henry, P. E. (1995). Women’s body images: The results of a national survey in the U.S.A. Sex Roles, 33, 19–28.

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  • Cash, T. F., Winstead, B. W., & Janda, L. H. (1986). The great American shape-up: Body image survey report. Psychology Today, 20(4), 30–37.

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  • Cash, T. F., Morrow, J. A., Hrabosky, J. I., & Perry, A. A. (2004). How has body image changed? A cross-sectional study of college women and men from 1983 to 2001. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 1081–1089.

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  • Grant, J. R., & Cash, T. F. (1995). Cognitive-behavioral body-image therapy: Comparative efficacy of group and modest-contact treatments. Behavior Therapy, 26, 69–84.

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  • Hrabosky, J. I., Cash, T. F., Veale, D., Neziroglu, F., Soll, E. A., Garner, D. M., … & Phillips, K. A. (2009). Multidimensional body image comparisons among patients with eating disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, and clinical controls: A multisite study. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 6, 155–163.

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  • Thompson, J. K., Burke, N. L., & Krawczyk, R. (2012). Measurement of body image in adolescence and adulthood. In T. F. Cash (Ed.), Encyclopedia of body image and human appearance (Vol. 2, pp. 512–520). London/San Diego: Academic/Elsevier.

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Correspondence to Thomas F. Cash .

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© 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Singapore

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Cash, T.F. (2015). Multidimensional Body–Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ). In: Wade, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders. Springer, Singapore.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-287-087-2

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