Universal prevention involves fostering resilience and reducing risk among nonsymptomatic populations. In the short term, prevention programs are expected to increase resiliency and decrease risk factors. In the long term, it is expected that those changes will lead to fewer eating problems and eating disorders (EDs). This is to be distinguished from selective prevention which involves programs that focus on nonsymptomatic people who are considered at high risk due to biological, psychological, and/or sociocultural factors and indicated/targeted prevention where the target audience does not yet have the disease or the disorder, but is at risk because of the presence of clear precursors to the disease (see Levine and Smolak 2006 for a full description).
Mental health difficulties can prevent youth from attending school. More often they simply struggle on a daily basis with low self-esteem, anxiety, body image issues, low mood,...
KeywordsBody Image Eating Disorder Local Public Health Youth Mental Health Weight Bias
References and Further Reading
- Butterfly Foundation. (2014). Investing in need- Cost effective interventions for eating disorders. Retrieved from http://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/FULL-REPORT-Butterfly-Foundation-Investing-in-Need-cost-effective-interventions-for-eating-disorders-report.pdf
- Katz-Wise, S., Scherer, E. A., Calzo, J. P., Sarda, V., Jackson, B., Haines, J., & Austin, S. B. (2015). Sexual minority stressors, internalizing symptoms, and unhealthy eating behaviors in sexual minority youth. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. doi:10.1007/s12160-015-9718-z. Advance on-line publication.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Levine, M. P., & McVey, G. (2015). Developing an ecological approach to eating disorders prevention: The Ontario project. In M. P. Levine & L. Smolak (Eds.), Handbook of eating disorders (Chapter 47). West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Levine, M. P., & Smolak, L. (2006). The prevention of eating problems and eating disorders: Theory, research, and practice. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- McVey, G. L., Walker, S. K., Beyers, J., Harrison, H., Russell-Mayhew, M. S., & Simkins, S. (2013). Integrating weight bias awareness and mental health promotion into obesity prevention delivery: A public health pilot study. CDC; Journal: Preventing Chronic Disease, 10, E54. doi:10.5888/pcd10.120185.Google Scholar