Elder Abuse and Neglect
Elder maltreatment; Elder mistreatment; Mistreatment of older adults; Victimization of older adults
Elder abuse was first publically recognized in the United Kingdom and the United States in the 1970s. It is now a recognized phenomenon found around the world, led by the advocacy work of the International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse. The definition of elder abuse has expanded over time. However, across countries elder abuse is frequently defined as a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person and typically encompasses six types of abuse: physical abuse, caregiver neglect, financial exploitation, psychological abuse, sexual abuse, and (in some countries) abandonment (World Health Organization 2002a). Since abandonment has received virtually no empirical attention, it is omitted from this review.
The trust component of the...
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