Neurocognitive Markers of Aging
Neurocognitive markers correspond to the components of cognition, along with their neurobiological and neurofunctional bases, that exhibit changes along the trajectory of normal aging.
The aging of societies and globalization of activities both characterize the twenty-first century. Sustaining active aging, and particularly cognitive health, is one of the leading global public health priorities (WHO 2015). Aging is a dynamic process that spans across the entire life course. In order to distinguish between the normal evolution of cognition across the lifespan and cognitive impairments due to neurodegenerative diseases, it is critical to recognize the different neurocognitive markers in aging. This entry provides a description of those markers at both the functional and structural level, while also addressing the neurofunctional reorganization that occurs and is responsible for the...
KeywordsExecutive Function Episodic Memory Cognitive Domain Semantic Memory Implicit Memory
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