Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Nancy A. Pachana

Normative Cognitive Aging

  • Jonna NilssonEmail author
  • Martin Lövdén
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_270-1


The term cognitive aging refers to the change in cognitive abilities (e.g., memory, reasoning, processing speed, and language) that is associated with chronological age. Research on this topic strives to describe, explain, and predict within-person change in cognition across adulthood. The research field is integrative in nature with roots in both cognitive psychology and lifespan development research and often interprets cognitive changes within the broader context of health conditions and biological factors. The longitudinal and multifactorial nature of cognitive aging and its inherent focus on a variable that cannot be experimentally manipulated (i.e., chronological age) demand specialized methodological approaches. While cognitive performance is typically measured in a controlled laboratory setting on a computer or with pen-and-paper tests, the test results are reliably associated with functioning outside the laboratory, including work performance and various health...


Cognitive Change Cognitive Aging Cognitive Reserve Bifactorial Model Work Memory Training 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aging Research CenterKarolinska Institutet & Stockholm UniversityStockholmSweden