Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Nancy A. Pachana

Gender Differences in Memory and Cognition

  • Agneta HerlitzEmail author
  • Serhiy Dekhtyar
  • Martin Asperholm
  • Daniela Weber
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_225-1


Ageing and retirement in Europe (SHARE); Cohort effects; Gender differences; Longitudinal assessment; Mathematics; Memory: episodic; Verbal ability; Visuospatial ability

Age and gender are variables that have been found to influence cognitive performance. In the following entry, findings of gender differences in cognitive functions will be reviewed, with a specific focus on examining to what extent the pattern and magnitude of these differences change over the adult life span. First, results on gender differences found in memory and cognition tasks in childhood and young adulthood are presented. This is followed by a discussion of the extent to which these differences change over the life span and/or over geographical regions. Lastly, somewhat contradictory findings reported in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies will be highlighted.

In this review, the following main conclusions are drawn: There is little evidence to suggest that the rate of decline in cognitive...


Gender Difference Episodic Memory Mental Rotation Verbal Ability General Cognitive Ability 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agneta Herlitz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Serhiy Dekhtyar
    • 1
  • Martin Asperholm
    • 1
  • Daniela Weber
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Psychology, Department of Clinical NeuroscienceKarolinska InstituetStockholmSweden
  2. 2.World Population Program, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human CapitalInternational Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria