Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Nancy A. Pachana

Psychology of Longevity

  • Boo JohanssonEmail author
  • Pär Bjälkebring
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_126-1



Longevity denotes especially long-lived members of a population. It is separated from life expectancy which focuses on the likely mean age of death within a population.


There is no overarching theory of aging and longevity or a specific psychological theory targeting longevity as the main outcome. Survival into advanced ages is determined by multiple influences of genes interacting with environmental conditions over the entire life span. Already from embryonic life, individual experiences and behavior influence health, functioning, and the likelihood for longevity. To capture all these dimensions in a single theory seems impossible.

Biological theories focus on evolutionary aspects and underlying mechanisms for life and typically define longevity as the potential life span under ideal conditions. Foci in social theories are contextual influences related to survival, especially the socioeconomic environment that humankind...


Life Satisfaction Social Connectedness Cognitive Reserve Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam Actual Life Expectancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden