Skip to main content

Second-Generation Biofuels Toward Environmental Sustainability

  • 148 Accesses


Anaerobic digestion; Bioethanol; Conversion technologies; Environmental sustainability; Pre-treatment methods


Second-generation biofuels refer to energy harvested mainly from non-food crops including agricultural residues, forest residues, and solid wastes for achieving circular economy.


Energy security for future sustainability is the prime driver behind the growth of biofuels. Fossil fuels contribute not only climate change but also exhaust natural resources (Guo et al. 2015). Accordingly, the production of biofuels from biomass has gained much attention due to their potential to reduce CO2 emissions (greenhouse gas, GHG) and been considered as a promising alternative to fossil fuels (Fivga et al. 2019). Biofuels are generally lumped into first-, second-, and third-generation biofuels. First-generation biofuels are generally produced from feedstocks that are simultaneously used as food. Although first-generation biofuels have the potential to reduce...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  • Alaswada A, Dassisti M, Prescotta T, Olabia AG (2015) Technologies and developments of third generation biofuel production. Renew Sust Energ Rev 51:1446–1460

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bhatia L, Johri S, Ahmad R (2012) An economic and ecological perspective of ethanol production from renewable agro waste: a review. AMB Express 2:65.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chandra R, Takeuchi H, Hasegawa T (2012) Methane production from lignocellulosic agricultural crop wastes: a review in context to second generation of biofuel production. Renew Sust Energ Rev 16:1462–1476

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fivga A, Speranza LG, Branco CM, Ouadi M, Hornung A (2019) A review on the current state of the art for the production of advanced liquid biofuels. AIMS Energ 7(1):46–76

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Guo XM, Trably E, Latrille E, Carre’re H, Steyer JP (2010) Hydrogen production from agricultural waste by dark fermentation: a review. Int J Hydrog Energy 35:10660–10673

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Guo M, Song W, Buhain J (2015) Bioenergy and biofuels: history, status, and perspective. Renew Sust Energ Rev 42:712–725

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hsiao MC, Lin CC, Hung Charg Y (2011) Microwave irradiation-assisted transesterification of soybean oil to biodiesel catalyzed by nano powder calcium oxide. Fuel 90:1963–1967

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jeswani HK, Chilvers A, Azapagic A (2020) Environmental sustainability of biofuels: a review. Proc R Soc A 476:20200351.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lee SY, Sankaran R, Chew KW, Tan CH, Krishnamoorthy R, Chu DT, Show PL (2019) Waste to bioenergy: a review on the recent conversion technologies. BMC Energ 1:4.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mathiyazhagan M, Ganapathi A (2011) Factors affecting biodiesel production. Res Plant Biol 1(2):1–5

    Google Scholar 

  • Nikkhah A, Bagheri I, Psomopoulos C, Payman SH, Zareiforoush H, Assad MEH, Bakhshipour A, Ghnimi S (2019) Sustainable second-generation biofuel production potential in a developing country case study. Energy Sources A: Recovery Util Environ Eff.

  • Nwosu-Obieogu K, Chiemenem LI, Adekunle KF (2016) Utilization of agricultural waste for bioethanol production- a review. Int J Curr Res Rev 8(19):1–5

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Passoth V, Sandgren M (2019) Biofuel production from straw hydrolysates: current achievements and perspectives. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 103:5105–5116

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rahimpour MR, Arab Aboosadi Z, Jahanmiri AH (2012) Synthesis gas production in a novel hydrogen and oxygen perm-selective membranes tri-reformer for methanol production. J Natural Gas Sci Eng 9:149–159

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Trabelsi ABH, Zaafouri K, Baghdadi W, Naoui S, Ouerghi A (2018) Second generation biofuels production from waste cooking oil via pyrolysis process. Renew Energy.

  • Tursi A (2019) A review on biomass: importance, chemistry, classification, and conversion. Biofuel Res J 22:962–979

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Verma M, Godbout S, Brar SK, Solomatnikova O, Lemay SP, Larouche JP (2012) Biofuels production from biomass by thermochemical conversion technologies. Int J Chem Eng 542426.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sandipan Pal .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Section Editor information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this entry

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Dey, S., Samanta, P., Senapati, T., Ghosh, A.R., Pal, S. (2022). Second-Generation Biofuels Toward Environmental Sustainability. In: Baskar, C., Ramakrishna, S., Daniela La Rosa, A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Green Materials. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-16-4921-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-16-4921-9

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Chemistry & Mat. ScienceReference Module Physical and Materials Science