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Green Finance in Viet Nam

Barriers and Solutions

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Part of the Sustainable Development book series (SD)


 Viet Nam’s energy sector has made considerable strides in recent years in achieving a high percentage of nationwide electrification and a relatively diversified energy mix that is dominated by hydropower, followed by gas and coal. However, sustaining those achievements including addressing gradually depleted domestic resources, keeping pace with growing energy demand from the energy-intensive economy, and meeting ambitious climate change targets under the nationally determined contributions in the Paris Agreement need large sums of new investment, particularly in renewables. If those necessary investments are not satisfied, it will further increase Viet Nam’s dependence on imported coal to cater for its future energy needs with substantial negative environmental, health, climate change, and economic consequences. Based on the existing challenges, the chapter makes recommendations including establishing more conducive conditions for private investment and strengthening the domestic funding environment through a functional financial market.


  • Renewable energy
  • Green finance
  • Energy security
  • Viet Nam

JEL Classification

  • F21
  • H23
  • Q42
  • Q54
  • Q58

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Correspondence to Le Ngoc Dang .

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© 2019 Asian Development Bank Institute

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Nguyen, T.C., Chuc, A.T., Dang, L.N. (2019). Green Finance in Viet Nam. In: Sachs, J., Thye, W., Yoshino, N., Taghizadeh-Hesary, F. (eds) Handbook of Green Finance. Sustainable Development . Springer, Singapore.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-10-8710-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-10-8710-3

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference HistoryReference Module Humanities and Social Sciences