Encyclopedia of Ionic Liquids

Living Edition
| Editors: Suojiang Zhang

Ionic Liquids as Solvents for the Production of Materials from Biomass

  • Louis M. Hennequin
  • Oliver Levers
  • Jason P. HallettEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6739-6_50-1

Introduction

In recent years, the utilization of renewable resources for the production of sustainable materials has gained attention worldwide due to increasing environmental awareness. The environmental damage of oil extraction and cracking, its effect on climate change, and its pollution from nonbiodegradable products have driven a rapidly growing shift in consumer demand away from fossil-derived materials and toward bioderived materials. Lignocellulosic biomass has the potential to provide for our needs of materials and chemicals. It does not compete with food crops, is abundant, biodegradable, and nonpolluting. However, the production of materials from biomass is still a technological and economical challenge that we must overcome in order to secure a sustainable transition from fossil fuels resources. This challenge arises due to the chemical complexity of lignocellulosic biomass and the limited adaptability of petrochemical processes that are currently used.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis M. Hennequin
    • 1
  • Oliver Levers
    • 1
  • Jason P. Hallett
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringImperial College of LondonLondonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Toshiyuki Itoh
    • 1
  • Jian Sun
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of EngineeringTottori UniversityTottori CityJapan
  2. 2.Beijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina