Encyclopedia of Ionic Liquids

Living Edition
| Editors: Suojiang Zhang

Ionic Liquid in Hydrogenation

  • Xiaofang LiuEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6739-6_37-1

Synonyms

Definition

An ionic liquid (IL) is a salt with low melting point. Hydrogenation is a chemical reaction constituting the addition of pairs of hydrogen atoms to an unsaturated substrate, e.g., alkene or carbonyl compound, to reduce/saturate these organic compounds, usually in the presence of a transition-metal catalyst, e.g., palladium. Ionic liquid in hydrogenation refers to those ILs applied for the hydrogenation acting as solvent to solubilize a great number of organic and inorganic compounds or stabilizer to form ion pairs with charged intermediates and participate in polar transition states, resulting in impressive improvement of yields and selectivities.

Introduction

Ionic liquids can be applied for the hydrogenation acting as solvent to solubilize a great number of organic and inorganic compounds, or stabilizer to form ion...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory and Institute of Elemento-Organic Chemistry, College of ChemistryNankai UniversityTianjinChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Liang-Nian He
    • 1
  • Bhalchandra Bhanage
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory and Institute of Elemento-Organic Chemistry, College of ChemistryNankai UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryInstitute of Chemical TechnologyMumbaiIndia