Ionic Liquid-Promoted CO2 Reductive Functionalization
Reductive functionalization of CO2 is the reaction combining both reduction of CO2 and C–N, C–C, and C–O bond construction, which is also so-called diagonal transformation. This reaction proceeds in a single step to ensure energy economy and a positive carbon balance ideally.
Reductive Functionalization of CO2
From the viewpoint of sustainable chemistry, extensive attention has been attracted to the conversion of CO2 into value-added chemicals, materials, and fuels in both industry and academia because CO2 is an abundant, easily available, nontoxic, and renewable C1 source [10, 12, 13]. However, only a negligible proportion (~0.1%) of the total CO2is currently being consumed for chemical production due to its intrinsic thermodynamic stability and kinetic...
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